Let's take a look at some Italian subject pronouns:
First person subject pronouns are the singular “Io" (I), pronounced as “ee-oh", and the plural “Noi" (We), pronounced as “noy".
- I have a cat - Ho un gatto.
- We have cats - Abbiamo gatti. Here, as mentioned earlier, the subject pronoun “Noi" (We) is not necessary for understanding the sentence and so is omitted.
The second person subject pronoun “You" has four forms in Italian. They are “Tu", “Voi", “Lei" and “Loro". Pronounced as “too", “voy", “lay"and “lo-roh". The singular “tu" and the plural “voi" are familiar pronoun forms, and used, as mentioned, only for family, friends, children and animals. The singular “Lei" and “Loro", which is its plural, are the formal pronoun forms and used to address strangers or authority figures. To avoid any confusion with “lei" (her) and “loro" (they), “Lei" and “Loro" are usually written with the L capitalized.
- You have a green hat - Avete un cappello verde
- You open the door - Tu apri il portello
- You write some letters - Voi scrivete alcune lettere. Here “You" is plural.
- You wear a green hat - Lei indossa un cappello verde
- You read some books - Loro leggono alcuni libri. Here “You" is plural. This form is used in formal situations only. Otherwise “loro" is used for “they".
The third person singular subject pronouns are “lui" (He) and “lei" (She). These are the familiar forms of address. In the formal forms of address, “lui" becomes “egli" or “esso" and “lei" becomes “ella" or “essa". The third person plural subject pronoun is “loro (They), which becomes “essi" (the masculine form) and “esse" (the feminine form) in the formal form of address.
Usually, you will not encounter “egli", “ella", “essi", “esse", “essa" and “esso" too often in everyday spoken Italian language. They seem to be mostly reserved for formal or literary purposes.
- He is visiting Aunt Kari - Lui sta visitando la zia Kari
- She is going to school - Lei sta andando alla scuola
- They come to visit - Loro vengono visitare
- He is the President - Egli è il presidente
- She is the Defense Minister - Ella è il ministro di difesa
- The delegates are here. They are from Nigeria -I delegati sono qui. Essi provengono dalla Nigeria