You should be able to answer the following questions after reading this 1984 Orwell study guide.
What is doublethink? Is it important to the plot of 1984, and if so, how?
Doublethink is having two contradictory thoughts in your mind at the same time. Traditional logic would tell us that this is unacceptable and that we should search for which of those two concepts is right. In doublethink this does not occur. Two thoughts that contradict one another sit side by side with no alarm or desire to understand which is correct.
Doublethink allows the government to change historical documents and forge new documents for a population that can’t accepts government thought as correct, regardless of contradictions.
What are some of the images that Orwell uses in 1984 and why are they important?
The picture of St. Clement’s Church is used to mask Big Brother’s observation of Winston and therefore represents secrecy and hidden agendas.
The Prole Woman symbolizes the possibility of overthrowing Big Brother and the oppressive, totalitarian government.
The paperweight symbolizes a brief moment of sanity in which Winston can float within its glass walls.
Do Julia and Winston have a different perception of the government? Does their age affect how they view the government?
Yes, Julia and Winston have different perceptions of the government; and, yes, their ages effect how they view the government. Winston is 39 and Julia is 26. Winston has seen the new government come to power. Julia was only a child when the government was new. Things that really bother Winston don’t seem to have any effect on Julia.