Quote: It would have been cruel of Miss Havisham, horribly cruel, to practice on the susceptibility of a poor boy, and to torture me through all these years with a vain hope and an idle pursuit, if she had reflected on the gravity of what she did. But I think she did not. I think that in the endurance of her own trial, she forgot mine, Estella (Chapter 44).
Analysis: Pip displays his maturity as he forgives Miss Havisham for all her wrongs and cruelties against him. Pip realizes he is not the only tormented soul and can actually empathize with the eccentric jilted lover.
Quote: I want to pursue that subject you mentioned to me when you were last here, and to show you that I am not all stone. But perhaps you can never believe, now, that there is anything human in my heart. (Chapter 49).
Analysis: The old freak finally does something kind. Her penitence, although late, shows Ms. Havisham to be a dynamic character, one who changes during the novel. Both Pip and Ms. Havisham's first kind act involve establishing Herbert in business.
Quote: "Oh," she cried despairingly, "What have I done! What have I done!" (Chapter 49).
Analysis: Ms. Havisham's wasted life is the subject of her rant, a hard repentance for a hard heart.
Quote: But that, in shutting out the light of day, she had shut out infinitely more; that, in seclusion, she had secluded herself from a thousand natural healing influences; that, her mind, brooding solitary, had grown diseased, as all minds do and must and will that reverse the appointed order of their Maker (Chapter 49)
Analysis: Pip learns from Ms. Havisham's mistake how not to react to Estella's rejection. He must continue to live and associate himself with that which is good. He must love again. He must not reverse the appointed order. Pip's attempt to reverse the natural order of his society--to become a gentleman out of the working class--has also made him diseased.