With the decline and eventual demise of the Ottoman Empire came a change in literature. For one, French styles emerged, exerting their influence on Turkish writers, particularly poets, as new poetic forms were introduced. The founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal, initiated the creation of a modified Latin alphabet to replace the Arabic-based script of the Ottomans. Poets and other writers also adopted the French language to for writing, as was necessary in order to gain recognition and readers from Europe and an increasingly Westernized world.
At the beginning of the 20th century, however, a nationalist literary movement arose, which emphasized Turkish roots, writers and literary heritage. A magazine called Servet-i-Fünun, featuring Turkish writers and poets, was one the first of its kind to be founded in Turkey. Further movements followed, including the National Literature Movement. Fiction in the form of novels, often referred to as "village novels" because of the themes depicted, as well as short stories entered the world of Turkish literature.
Two famous modern Turkish writers are Orhan Pamuk and Elif Shafak. Pamuk is the Nobel Prize laureate of 2006, who became known for the political controversy surrounding his person and opinions. He was charged with "insulting Turkishness" when he criticized Turkey's treatment of minorities and its record on human rights. The charges were ultimately dropped. The other writer, Elif Shafak, is an acclaimed French-born female Turkish writer and novelist. She also wrote the foreword to "Tales from the Expat Harem --- Foreign Women in Modern Turkey," an anthology by 32 expatriate women from 7 nations and 5 continents about their lives in modern Turkey. The book has been published in Turkey as well as in the US.
Reading in modern-day Turkey is not yet popular, perhaps because average wages are low and book prices high. Turkey does, however, have two prestigious national literary awards coveted by Turkish poets and writers - the Mevlana Prize and the Union of Turkish Writers Prize.