April -The Marshall Plan: The Economic Cooperation Act of 1948, or the Marshall Plan, provided aid to Europe so that the war ravaged nations could rebuild their agricultural and industrial capacities.
June 1948-May 1949-The Soviets blocked all access to West Berlin when the US, Great Britain, and France combined their separate zones in West Berlin and began to introduce economic reform.
June 1948 – September 1949- Berlin Airlift: The US and Britain operated round-the-clock airlifts of food and medical supplies to West Berlin.
August-Republic of Korea founded in South Korea. The new government proclaimed governance of North and South Korea.
September -Democratic People’s Republic set-up in North Korea. This government also asserted authority over North and South Korea.
Germany is officially divided into the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
Communist Party comes to power in China.
The Soviet Union detonates its first nuclear bomb.
NATO-North Atlantic Treaty Organization: A military alliance formed by the US, Great Britain, France, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Iceland, Denmark, Canada, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. It has grown to include more nations.
COMECON-Council or Mutual Economic Assistance: A attempt to link the economies of communist nations.