Problem: Slavery would rear its ugly head once again. Northern abolitionists wanted the importation of slaves banned in the Constitution, hoping that by doing so, slavery would prove unprofitable and die out. Southern delegates insisted that the slave trade was vital to the economic development of the South.
Solution: Congress was given power to ban the slave trade after 1808. The issue of slavery, however, would not be resolved until the Civil War.
Problem: Northerners and Southerners disagreed on tarrifs. The South's economy was dependent on foreign trade whereas the North wanted protection from foreign competition in order to sell their goods.
Solution: The federal government can tax imports but not exports.
Problem: Some delegates believed the president should be elected directly; others believed that the people could not be trusted with such an important decision, calling instead for election by state legislatures.
Solution: The Constitution established the Electoral College which elects the president. The people's vote determines who votes in the Electoral College.