Section 1: The President
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Section 1 of Article 2 of the Constitution deals with the office of the president. It states, "The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice-President chosen for the same Term."
Section 1 establishes the electoral college: when voting for a president, voters are actually selecting other people to vote for the president. Each state sends a certain number of electors (the number for each state equals its number of representatives in the House of Representatives + 2) and the electors choose a president. See amendment 12 for changes made to the electoral college.
The president must be born a United States citizen or be a citizen at the time the Constitution was ratified, at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for at least 14 years. The president is paid a salary from the United States treasury. His or her salary cannot be increased or decreased while in office.
The president must take the following oath before becoming president: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."