Key Facts and Terms
Black Market - buying, selling, or trading goods outside the legal market.
Catch 22 -The book by Joseph Heller who served during World War II. It is set in the war and the phrase, Catch 22, comes from the title. It's basically a problem with a solution that is precluded by the problem itself.
Jim Crow - Jim Crow was the phrase used for norms, regulations and laws meant to segregate and degrade blacks. Jim Crow existed primarily, but not exclusively, in the southern states from the late 19th century until the middle of the 1960s. Ambrose uses this term to refer to those who carried 1940s American society's racial caste system, segregation, and general denial of opportunities to African Americans over into army life. The army was racially segregated and Jim Crow was pervasive throughout as was evidenced by the treatment of black nurses during World War II, which we learned about in Study Guide for Citizen Soldiers: Chapter 10-13.
Heinrich Himmler - Reichsfuhrer SS (head of the SS. Also, Chief of the German police and in charge of carrying out the Final Solution.
Colmar Pocket - A 30 to 40 mile bridgehead occupied by the Germans around the town of Colmar.
Operation Plunder -The crossing by boat phase of Montgomery's plan to cross the Rhine.
Operation Varsity -The airborne phase of Montgomery's plan.