Battles of Lexington and Concord
April 19, 1775 – Battles of Lexington and Concord began the American Revolution, which was famously described as “the shot heard ‘round the world".
Battle of Bunker Hill
June 17, 1775 – Battle of Bunker Hill, which was actually fought on Breed’s Hill, was won by the British leaving the peninsula of Charlestown controlled by the British. However, it was encouraging to the Americans because the British casualties were near one thousand while the Patriot casualties were less than four hundred. Of the Patriot casualties, most occurred during retreat.
Siege of Boston
March 2, 1776– The Siege of Boston led to the withdrawal of British troops, which had occupied Boston for eight years. The British troops fled to Nova Scotia.
October 11, 1776 – Benedict Arnold’s army is defeated at Lake Champlain this would later cast further suspicion on him as a traitor.
Battle of Trenton
December 26, 1776 – Washington’s troops cross the Delaware River and capture Trenton. This was a minor technical victory but a major victory for morale. Military enlistments were set to expire on the 31st and without this morale boost he would likely have lost many of his troops. This battle helped prove to the American people that the army was capable of winning the war.
Battle of Princeton
January 3, 1777 – Washington is victorious at the Battle of Princeton further encouraging American troops. The British retreated giving control of New Jersey to the Americans.
Battle of Bennington
August 16, 1777 – The Battle of Bennington was won by the Colonial militiamen. It drastically reduced the size of Burgoyne’s army and caused the Native American he previously enjoyed to falter. It also garnered more support for the war amongst the colonists and was instrumental in the later support of France.
Battle of Brandywine
September 11, 1777 – At the Battle of Brandywine Washington’s eleven thousand troops faced eighteen thousand British troops. He was forced to abandon the Brandywine Creek outpost and retreat. This began the British occupation of Pennsylvania.
Battle of Germantown
October 4, 1777 – The Battle of Germantown is a great example of General Washington’s strategic ability. Although his offensive was not successful, it did help the colonies gain the support of France. The military support of France helped turn the tide of the American Revolution.
Battle of Saratoga
October 17, 1777 – The Battle of Saratoga was a resounding success for the Americans. The British troops, led by John Burgoyne, negotiated a surrender that included promising that neither he nor his men would ever serve in North America. Shortly after the outcome of the battle, King Louis the XVI recognized the independence of the United States and began supplying aide to the Patriots.