E D Nixon in Motion
Nixon knew Parks was the focal point his uprising needed. She was respected in the community, a leader and willing to fight. He bailed her out of jail that evening and convinced her to join him in ending segregation on busses.
He got right on the phone with Alabama State College professor Jo Ann Robinson, who contacted attorney Fred Gray. They agreed that a long-term legal battle should begin, starting with a one day boycott of the Montgomery bus system. Nixon spent most of the night on the phone, gathering support from various community leaders.
With the aid of two of her students, Robinson worked late into the night on a flier. By 4am December 2, ten hours after Parks' arrest, thousands of copies of the following announcement had been printed:
Another woman has been arrested and thrown in jail because she refused to get up out of her seat on the bus for a white person to sit down. It is the second time since the Claudette Colvin case that a Negro woman has been arrested for the same thing. This has to be stopped. Negroes have rights too, for if Negroes did not ride the buses, they could not operate. Three-fourths of the riders are Negro, yet we are arrested, or have to stand over empty seats. If we do not do something to stop these arrests, they will continue. The next time it may be you, or your daughter, or mother. This woman's case will come up on Monday. We are, therefore, asking every Negro to stay off the buses Monday in protest of the arrest and trial. Don't ride the buses to work, to town, to school, or anywhere on Monday. You can afford to stay out of school for one day if you have no other way to go except by bus. You can also afford to stay out of town for one day. If you work, take a cab, or walk. But please, children and grown-ups, don't ride the bus at all on Monday. Please stay off all buses Monday.
Nixon arranged for a meeting to take place Friday evening at Martin Luther King Jr's church. Around 50 people gathered, agreeing to call themselves the Montgomery Improvement Association. They voted to make King their spokesman. Nixon had attempted to organize area ministers before, but found they were too comfortable and reluctant to shake things up. King was a newcomer and not afraid to start revolution.
The MIA decided to hold a meeting Monday night after the boycott. They added this information to Robinson's flier and distributed another 7000 copies.