The Role of Women
With the men deployed to war, the women had to roll up their sleeves and take over jobs that were previously held by men. The labor force among women grew from 600,000 prior to the war to 1,200,000. These women did the jobs of the men, then went home and took care of their children and their homes.
Women in farmlands took care of the farms by themselves and incorporated into their schedules activities such as canning and knitting socks for the men in uniform. Eventually, all these goods would be delivered by the merchant navy to the war zone. The women lived on food rations and donated perfectly good cookware to be melted and used in the factories that built bombs, vehicles and parts to repair aircraft and ships.
Here are two interesting facts from Veterans Affairs Canada:
"Women who worked with lumberjacks and loggers during the war were called "lumberjills."
"Canada's Elsie Gregory McGill was the first woman in the world to graduate as an aeronautical engineer. She worked for Fairchild Aircraft Limited during the war. In 1940, her team's design and production methods were turning out more than 100 Hurricane combat aircraft per month."
Women who wanted to be more involved in the war effort demanded that the government create organizations that would allow women to perform duties to benefit the men at war. Almost 4,500 women served as nurses and over 5,000 women served in the army and air force.