Start with Reading Practices
Vary your reading practice every day. Try some of these classroom reading practices:
- Teacher models reading for the students. Have students note how you pause after sentences, the way you fluctuate your voice to break the monotony, and the stress you place on different words. All of these practices make a story sound interesting.
- Listen to model reading with a recording.
- Choral reading where everyone reads together.
- Popcorn reading where the teacher chooses random students to read.
- Peer reading involves two students reading to each other and assisting each other.
- Independent reading silently and aloud.
And since Esperanza Rising practices code switching, or moving back and forth between two languages, teachers need to show students not to skip over the Spanish vocabulary. If you are uncertain how to pronounce certain words or phrases, websites like Forvo.com can assist you.
If you have English language learners in your classroom, provide visuals for them to make connections with the language. Flashcards, video, or illustrations will help students visualize what they are reading, thereby improving comprehension.
Advanced academic students might lose interest if they are forced to slow down too much while reading. Provide opportunities for more independent reading time. Literature circles are an excellent way to engage advanced students. Another idea is jigsaw the novel. Assign individual students certain chapters of the novel to read during one class. After they jot down a chapter summary, perhaps even provide an illustration of events from their chapter, students can utilize graphic organizers to collaborate with the class and fill in the missing information. Once all the chapters have been discussed, move on to literary analysis and allow students to debate character choices and changes.