Counsel: a lawyer or attorney
Defendant: A person, company, etc. who is accused of something and taken to court
Prosecution: The legal team who presents the case in a criminal trial against an individual suspected of breaking the law (the defendant).
Testimony: the statement or declaration of a witness under oath
Burden of Proof: The obligation to establish a fact by proof. This is the prosecutor’s responsibility.
Motive: Something that causes a person to act in a certain way or do a certain thing. Examples of motives: revenge, jealousy, anger.
Alibi: An excuse or explanation for the defendant’s whereabouts at the time of the crime.
Circumstantial Evidence: Evidence that is implied; it
Premeditated Homicide/Murder: A murder that was done on purpose (not accidental) or one that was planned in advance is considered “premeditated."
Foreman: The head juror. The foreman’s role is to ask questions on behalf of the jury, facilitate jury discussions, and sometimes to read the verdict of the jury.
Reasonable Doubt: the level of certainty a juror must have to find a defendant guilty of a crime. There must be no “reasonable doubt" in the mind of a juror that the defendant is guilty.
Deliberate: to consider carefully
Verdict: The jury’s final decision; the verdict is either “not guilty" or “guilty"
Acquitted: Declared “not guilty" (found innocent).
Hung jury: a jury that can’t agree on a verdict
Double Jeopardy: as stated in the 5th Amendment to the Constitution, no one can be punished more than once for the same crime.