Design of the Project
Start with the basic construction. What is the basis or subject of the project? What information is needed to draw the needed conclusion? Once these questions are answered, the survey will begin to take shape.
Pick your target audience. For a school survey project, the audience may be students, teachers or other school employees. For answers from outside sources, be specific on the targets. The survey may be aimed at persons between a certain age range or those that live in particular areas. Registerd voters, business owners or other specific groups are options for audiences according to the subject of the survey.
When constructing questions for the project, they should be direct and to the point. Use questions that are answerable with a yes or a no. For more complex subjects, multiple choice answers can be used. Avoid question which require essay type answers as these do not give definitive data. Place examples in question that might seem unclear. If needed, break the subject down into parts and ask questions concerning each of these parts to come up with a complete an answer.
Keep the survey as brief as possible. People are more willing to answer three to five questions as opposed to a 10-20 question survey. The time involved in answering a long survey is a hindrance to the collection. By keeping the survey brief, the data interpretation will also be a simpler task.
The final piece of the construction is the time frame. The time frame is dependent on the depth of research intended for the data.