#5 Bogotá, Colombia
With 7.6 million inhabitants, Bogotá is the fifth largest city in the Americas. In terms of land area and population, Bogotá is also the largest city in Colombia. As the capital, Bogotá is also the political center of Colombia.
History: The city's founding is generally considered to be 1538. The earliest settlers in the area were Spanish priests; substantial immigration to the region did not occur until the second half of the nineteenth century.
Economy: Due to its location, Bogotá is a major economic center connecting Colombia to the rest of the world. Industrial production, tourism and government services are some of the major elements of Bogotá's economy. The service sector of the economy is steadily growing in importance.
Symbols: The city's two main symbols have obtained national importance. The national flag of Colombia, a yellow band above a red band, originated from Bogotá. The city's coat of arms, granted by Charles I of Spain in 1548, continue to be in use in the country.
Nickname: Bogotá is sometimes known as "The Athens of South America" due to its numerous universities, libraries and other cultural institutions.