Do Cool Regions Exist?
In addition to the hotter areas, like the tropical rainforest, areas with cooler temperatures along the equator can also be found. One would think that the temperature along the equator would always be hot due to the amount of sunlight that it receives, however this is not the case. The reason for this phenomenon owes itself to elevation.
When you think of areas of high elevation, what do you think about? Surely some ideas come to mind, however you probably think of mountain ranges. For example, the mountain Volcan Cayambe in Ecuador lies along the equator yet it still has snow and ice at higher elevations. In this manner, areas with lower elevations are hotter than higher elevations.
Other factors can also influence cooler temperatures. For example, cloud coverage can drop temperature by blocking out the sun while at the same time providing shade to the land below. Another factor is being isolated from a body of water. For example, oceanic waters tend to warm up the temperature due to sunlight hitting the water; however being away from a body of water can lend regions to be cooler.
So what are the temperatures along the cooler regions of the equator? For the most part, it is difficult to say because of the variety of factors that influence temperature.