Oral Reading and ESL
Reading fluency is essential to learning any language. Fluency, as definded by the National Reading Panel, "... means being able to read quickly, knowing what the words are and what they mean, and properly expressing certain words - putting the right feeling, emotion, or emphasis on the right word or phrase. Teaching fluency includes guided oral reading, in which students read out loud to someone who corrects their mistakes and provides them with feedback, and independent silent reading where students read silently to themselves."
When students are able to comprehend the story line or text rather than working to figure out word meanings, their overall communication skills become stronger. Students achieve oral reading fluency by learning to decode words both in isolation, as well as within text, which will allow them automatically to recognize both the word and its meaning, thereby enabling them to read quickly and accurately.
Repeated reading of text is one tool that can be used to assist in gaining reading fluency. Students read words in a text that are repeated with assistance from the teacher, parents and even peer mentors. Research by the National Reading Panel (US-2000) showed that "repeated reading procedures that offer guidance and feedback are effective for improving word recognition, fluency, comprehension and overall reading achievement."
For children acquiring English as a second language, this strategy can be further enhanced by maintaining an ESL reading journal.