Examples of Poetry Form: Couplets and Three-line Stanzas
Understanding these common poetic forms and forms in poetry will make you look really smart.
Couplets: There are very few poems that consist of only a couplet; couplet examples, however, abound. Many poems use couplets as their base form.
Couplet Examples: "The Tyger" by William Blake; Shakespearean Sonnets contain couplet examples.
Analysis: In Blake's "The Tyger," the successive couplet examples produce a sing-song rhythm, similar to nursery rhymes. Shakespeare finishes his sonnets with a couplet, providing a solution to the problem posed in the first 12 lines.
Terza Rima: Some poems with three-line stanzas contain a simple rhyme scheme--a a a, b b b, c c c--Lord Alfred Tennyson's "The Eagle," for example. Terza Rima rhymes as follows: a b a, b c b, c d c.
Terza Rima Example: "Acquainted with the Night" by Robert Frost is one of the more famous terza rima examples.
Analysis: The rhyming of the second line of the preceding stanza with lines one and three of the next stanza forms continuity and establishes momentum. Frost's poem describes a continuing experience, being alone at night, and the poem's form matches its theme. In this example, the momentum builds until its ending couplet wraps everything up, much in the same way a Shakesperean Sonnet does.