How to Make a Fractions Game
Fractions can be a difficult concept for a child to grasp. Finding ways to make learning fractions more fun is an effective way to develop enjoyment of math or at the very least, lessen the tension the student feels when dealing with fractions. That's why fraction games are so important. Having the students help to create the game also reinforces the information they can retain about fractions.
To make the Fractions Game, complete the following steps:
- Obtain a pack of index cards and a black pen or marker.
- Give each student three cards.
- Write on the board and review the reduced fractions with denominators ranging from two to seven. This is to limit the amount of cards. You can add in more denominators as the students become more adept. List the following fractions; 1/2, 1/3, 2/3,1/4, 3/4, 1/5, 2/5, 3/5, 4/5,1/6, 5/6,1/7, 2/7, 3/7, 4/7, 5/7 and 6/7.
- Assign each child a fraction.
- Have each child make three cards that represent each fraction. One card should show the fraction in numerical form, one in written form and one should have a picture that shows the fraction. For example, if you are making the card for one half, there would be one card with a picture of a square or circle split in half, with one side filled in. You would also have a card that reads "one-half" and one that reads "1/2". Repeat this process until all numbers listed have three cards.
Now that the game is made, you can see where you can add numbers or increase the difficulty level by adding and removing certain cards.
The game is played by dealing out five cards to each player. The object of the game is to "go out" with the most points. Points are tallied based on the denominator. Each denominator is worth its face value. A card with "1/7" on it is worth seven points. Each player must draw a card from the deck and discard one card. If the final player discards and has no cards left in their hand, then the game is over and points are to be tallied. Players may lay down pairs that match in value. Other players may lay down the third card to a different players set.
Here is a sample of how a game would be played:
Joe is the first player. He draws a card that says "1/5". He already has a card that says "one-fifth". Joe lays down his pair and discards. Jamie is the next player. Jamie draws a card from the deck. The card has a picture of a square divided into four sections. One of those sections is colored in. Jamie has nothing to match that card, but she does have a picture of a circle divided into five sections. One of those five sections is colored in. Jamie lays that card face up in front of her as a card to match Joe's set. The game continues.