Words and Phrases
Stop and go over the 把 (ba) character; this character is very useful and is most commonly used as a particle marking the following noun as a direct object.Give a few sentence examples:
把文件送到办公室 (ba wen jian song dao ban gong shi), which means "send the document to the office."
把钱给我 (ba qian gei wo), which means "give me the money."
It is time to get the fire going, so teach "start the fire": 生活 (shenghuo). Then you can teach the words for "make food": 做菜 (zuo cai).
Once the food has been cooked, say "the food is done," or 菜做好了 (cai zuo hao le) and "turn off the fire," or 关火 (guan huo).
Stop to go over the use of 了 (le); this character most commonly signifies the Chinese past tense, or that something has been completed. It can be placed after the verb or at the end of a sentence or clause. Give a few examples to the class.
我做完了我的作业 (wo zuo wan le wo de zuo ye). I finished my homework.
我吃够了 (wo chi gou le). I ate enough.